India Development News & Foreign Investment Opportunities

Indian Industry Not Convinced of win-win RCEP

India made asymmetrical sacrifice in FTAs


India made asymmetrical sacrifice in FTAs


Minister Goyal at the India-ASEAN Trioka meeting in New Delhi on 9 July 2019.


The Indian Industry is not convinced that Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) will create a win-win situation for all by ensuring balanced outcomes in an across the key pillars, particularly goods and services.

This was conveyed by Commerce and Industry Minister Piyush Goyal during India–ASEAN Troika Trade Ministers’ meeting was held in New Delhi 9 July 2019 for informal consultation on RCEP.

He emphasized on adherence to the RCEP guiding principles to balance high ambition on goods tariff reduction with addressing of sensitives in bilateral parings like India – China through temporary and permanent deviations and exclusions becomes important.

He also stressed on possible mechanism to address persistent and wide imbalances in trade to give comfort to stakeholders.

Services negotiations must also target commensurate levels of ambition, with offers covering most sub-sectors of interest in all modes in a binding manner.

He said that constraints and difficulties can be overcome easily even with a slight degree of mutual understanding and cooperation.

Market access issues with China for Indian goods have been particularly problematic, Goyal told Thailand’s Acting Minister of Commerce Chutima Bunyapraphasara and Indonesian Trade Minister Enggartiasto Lukita as well as ASEAN Secretary General Lim Jock Hoi and TNC Chair of RCEP, Iman Pambagyo.

The Minister also pointed out apprehension and pessimism in Indian industry about the impact of previous Free Trade Agreements.

India made asymmetrical sacrifice in goods, giving much more than it received. The promise of commensurate offers in services subsequently by ASEAN countries did not fructify.

The surge in goods imports into India is accentuated by instances of non-adherence to the Rules of Origin provisions and lack of full cooperation in investigating and addressing such breaches.

The utilization of preferential tariffs by India under the India-ASEAN FTA is below 30% because of standards, regulatory measures and other non-tariff barriers in the region, he said.

Overall, India looks at RCEP as a logical extension of its Act East Policy and it holds enormous potential for economic growth and stability for the entire region.

The 26th round of RCEP negotiations at the Experts level, which has concluded recently in Melbourne, some progress has been achieved with member countries showing a degree of flexibility and accommodation, he noted.

India too has shown significant flexibility during the negotiations and helped to achieve convergence in few important areas.

Two more chapters are close to conclusion, which will take the number to 9 of the total 16 chapters.

He expressed hope that the negotiations will achieve even greater convergence during the coming rounds in China and Vietnam.

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